Ziauddin University


The 21st Century has brought with it a boom in technological advancement, arguably becoming an era in history which will be seen as the one which saw progress manifest the quickest and most disruptively. The word ‘disruptive’ (in the context of technology) only insinuates that the technology was so far reaching, so pervasive, and so all-encompassing that it resulted in drastic changes to the modes in which society and commercial activities operate.

It is no secret that codified law always lags behind the zeitgeist of an era. Matters which require regulation are- without exception- regulated in retrospect rather than proactively. The reason for this is summarized eloquently in the Collingridge Dilemma. The dilemma highlights a hard problem with regulating technology in 2 simple prongs. First, when a technology is created, not enough is known about it in order to effectively regulate it before understanding its ramifications on society, economics and individuals. Second, when such knowledge is attained (after the passage of time), that technology is far too entrenched in society to be effectively regulated. A good example is the internet. When it was initially created, it was a closed network started by DARPA (a US Military Program) for intelligence sharing and secure communication. However, at the time of its creation, not even its creators could imagine the impact that the internet would have on the world once it became globalized. Today, the internet’s reach is (relatively) well understood, but it is far too entrenched in our everyday lives to be effectively regulated without completely changing the nature and use of the internet.

An understanding of the complex problems revolving around technology is essential for every lawyer, social scientist, politician, and businessperson, in order for our world to move forward in a careful, balanced and thoughtful manner. The industrial revolution reaped great results in terms of technology put into practice, but the costs to natural resources and air/ozone quality were not well understood. Thus today, we see an escalation in climate change which can largely be attributed (and traced back to) the boom in industry. There will definitely be negative impacts of technology on the environment, on economics and even on the very fabric of our social values, and thus it is imperative to ensure our policymakers are aware of the multifarious elements which progress along with technology in order to effectively utilize it whilst minimizing associated risks.

There is a philosophical concept which reads: ‘what we create, in turn creates us’. The same is true for technology we create. Granted, Pakistan is an emerging name on the global map when it comes to technology innovation. However, a lack of infrastructure and innovation-related opportunities does not need to percolate into our legal community- lawyers ought to be, and are expected to be at par with all global shifts in technology and must remain up-to-date with developments in these areas.

In order to assist the Courts or legislative assemblies, lawyers and lawmakers must be aware of the multifarious nature and modalities of technology. This understanding can only exist once a systematic, considered approach is taken to understand the fundamentals of technology and its impact on the various aspects of the staus quo.

The Ziauddin University Faculty of Law, Politics & Governance Centre for Law & Technology aims to address national, as well as international problems associated with law & technology.


In Pakistan, there are technology-related problems which are far more fundamental than regulation. Digital literacy is a key issue for our people and in order for our country to even imagine being at par with the rest of the developed world, our people must be technologically and digitally literate.

First and foremost, the Centre shall begin a program for digital literacy, which shall be open to all students of Ziauddin University. It shall include experts teaching students how to operate basic and advanced computer software, an understanding on how the digital landscape can be utilized and of course, the Centre shall conduct trainings pertaining to all necessary programs which have become a norm in every workplace across the globe. This shall allow students to have the necessary skills required to work in a modern-day workplace.

Second, the Centre shall conduct seminars and panel discussions on global digital trade, e-commerce (a multi-trillion-dollar industry), e-services and remote employment. This shall allow the students to understand that the commercial nature of the internet and remote services is a new normal, and traditional methods of employment and the meaning of ‘being productive’ have changed in the 21st century. Effort does not equate to results. Being technology resourceful (and creative), however, does.

Next, the Centre shall create modules of study for students to choose as electives in their 4th and 5th Year of study. These modules shall be purely academic, and shall acquaint the students with technology-related problems which global leaders in academics are discussing in order to allow for further progress, within certain parameters of social acceptance and normative appeal. These modules shall include studies on the following topics:

  • Data Protection
  • Digital Privacy
  • E-Commerce
  • Intellectual Property Laws
  • Big Data Analytics & its impact
  • Smart Contracts
  • Blockchain Technology
  • Artificial Intelligence & Law
  • Biotech & Ethics
  • Society & Technology studies

Furthermore, the Centre shall source foreign lawyers and policymakers (predominantly from the EU, where the most deliberation takes place with respect to technology, society and law) to conduct online talks (and discussions with our students) with respect to modern problems and how their country or organization is tackling them. This will give our students a more professional and practical look into these complex issues, further enhancing their skills and knowledge as legal professionals.

Finally, through the (emerging) fellowship program, the Centre shall source foreign lawyers and to conduct research on technology and law related matters which are critical to be addressed in Pakistan, in light of where the global level of progress has reached.

To conclude; Such a Centre is not only novel, but also puts ZFLPG on the map as a future-centric organization which is cultivating students who are fully equipped to deal with the nuances and problems which are unique to this day and age.

For many years, I had envisioned importing internationally-acclaimed ideas and tech-centric research propositions into Pakistan. The emerging paradigm of digitalization requires intelligent analysis and well-structured policies in order to employ available technology to its highest potential whilst minimizing any negative impact it may have on our social fabric and normative values.

The importance of technology in a democratic system is effectively embodied in this one quote from one of my favourite scientists:

“We’ve arranged a society based on science and technology, in which nobody understands anything about science technology. And this combustible mixture of ignorance and power, sooner or later, is going to blow up in our faces. Who is running the science and technology in a democracy if the people don’t know anything about it?” – Carl Sagan

With the novel Centre for Law & Technology, our aim is to ensure that the students who graduate from the Ziauddin Faculty of Law are at par with their foreign counterparts, and are well-versed with internationally-acclaimed ideas revolving around the use of various modalities of technology, and subsequently, the regulation of such technologies. Our contribution to the society of the 21st Century is not only the need of the hour, but rather will pave the way our society sees technology for decades to come.

Our team shall spearhead national research and engage in targeted, merit-based advocacy in this regard. I applaud all our academic contributors and students for their dedication, creativity and enthusiasm in engaging with the paradigm of technology and its regulation, and for doing their part in shaping Pakistan to have a better, more internationally-attuned academic environment.

Aly Hassam Ul Haq
LL.B. (Hons.), LL.M.
Director, Centre for Law & Technology

In the digital age, it is imperative to be proficient in commonly-used software to even be considered at-par with the global skill level expected from professionals. Specifically, in developing countries like Pakistan, enabling access to the digital realm results in a positive-feedback loop whereby persons becoming digitally literate subsequently gather more knowledge, information and skills, which in turn contribute again to their level of digital literacy – the circle goes on.

The Centre for Law and Technology has created a consolidated material database which can be used by instructors, tutors or even the pupils themselves to enhance their working knowledge on digital resources, online resources and commonly-used software. The value which these consolidated resources provide are free to use by the public in general and the beneficiaries of the digital literacy program are not restricted to students of the Ziauddin Faculty of Law.

The Centre’s vision for digital literacy is to utilize relevant material – as the saying goes- straight from the horse’s mouth. Therefore, the Centre has utilized material created and curated by Microsoft itself to give direction to the digital literacy program. Moreover, our in-house tech experts have recorded a series of lectures on making digital systems accessible to new users. These bilingual lectures introduce users to computers, digital systems and important software, to immense success.

The idea is to make technology accessible, to facilitate the democratization of technology, and to ensure that the Centre’s beneficiaries have core professional skills which are required to be successful in the 21st Century.

Here are the modules of Microsoft’s digital literacy program:

Course 1- Work with Computers

Course 2 – Access Information Online

Course 3- Communicate Online

Course 4- Participate Safely and Responsibly Online

Course 5- Create Digital Content

Course 6- Collaborate and Manage Content Digitally

Transcript Files

Teacher Resource Files

The Centre for Law & Technology has entered into a strategic collaboration with the Ziauddin University NAJ Central Library whereby the latter is procuring and consolidating e-Books pertaining to the discipline of law to be readily available to ZFL students to borrow via a simple procedure – entirely online.

One of the Centre’s primary goals has been to enable easy access to learning material in the digital realm, with a specific focus on democratizing access to information and the free flow of ideas. The e-Library is symbolic of ZFL’s future-centric approach and stands as a unique feature of the law school. In addition to the e-Library, the Ziauddin Faculty of Law also has subscriptions to over a thousand [digital] academic journals, all aiding and enhancing our students’ vision, contextual depth and clarity of concept.

Access the e-Library with the following link:


What is Data Protection?

As the technological world advances, so does the need for data protection, i.e. laws designed to protect your personal data. This is essential since every time you access the internet or provide personal information to utilise a service, the private data shared can get into the wrong hands.

Even without your knowledge, data and information about you is forwarded to companies and agencies that you are likely to have never interacted with. The only way citizens and consumers can feel secure in today’s time is through strong data protection practices so their information is safe from exploitation. The need for data protection has surged as the amount of data created and stored continues to expand.

The BSc Software Engineering Technology programme is a rigorous and comprehensive academic curriculum designed to equip students like you with the necessary skills and knowledge to thrive in the dynamic field of software development. Throughout the programme, you will delve deep into the intricacies of various programming languages, software design principles, and algorithms, enabling you to develop robust and efficient software solutions. Additionally, you will gain expertise in database management, software testing methodologies, and project management techniques, ensuring that you possess a well-rounded skill set in all aspects of software technology. The programme also emphasises practical, hands-on experience, allowing you to apply your theoretical knowledge to real-world scenarios. Collaborative projects, industry internships, and experiential learning opportunities will further enhance your understanding and prepare you for the challenges of the industry. By the end of the programme, students will be well-prepared for a variety of roles, such as software technologist, software technology developer, or even project or technical manager. The BSc Software Engineering Technology programme opens up a world of exciting career prospects in the ever-evolving realm of technology. So, get ready to embark on a transformative educational journey that will shape your future in the digital world!”

Mission of the Programme

“To empower students with the knowledge, skills, and practical experience needed to excel in the dynamic field of software engineering technology. We are committed to providing a comprehensive and contemporary education that fosters innovation, critical thinking, and professionalism. Our programme aims to prepare graduates to meet the evolving demands of the technology industry, contribute to the development of cutting-edge software solutions, and make a positive impact on society through ethical and responsible practices. Through a combination of rigorous academics, hands-on learning, and industrial training, we strive to produce well-rounded, adaptable software engineering technology professionals who are ready to address the challenges of today and tomorrow.”

Why B.Sc. (Software Engineering Technology)

The BSc Software Engineering Technology programme can be a great choice for several reasons. Firstly, it provides a strong foundation in software development, equipping you with the necessary skills to excel in the field. Additionally, the programme often incorporates practical hands-on experience, allowing you to apply what you learn in real-world scenarios. This can be invaluable when it comes to securing internships or job opportunities in the future. Furthermore, the programme may also offer specialisation options, allowing you to focus on specific areas of interest within software engineering. Overall, choosing the BSc Software Engineering Technology programme can open up a world of opportunities in the ever-growing field of technology.


PEO1: Graduates will be proficient in software development, including the ability to code, test, and maintain software systems that meet industry standards and user requirements.

PEO2: Graduates will have the skills to analyse complex problems, apply software engineering technology principles, and develop innovative solutions, demonstrating the ability to adapt to a rapidly changing technology landscape.

PEO3: Graduates will excel in team-based environments, effectively collaborating with colleagues from diverse backgrounds and communicating technical concepts clearly and concisely.

PEO4: Graduates will uphold ethical and professional standards in software engineering, considering the societal, environmental, and legal implications of their work, and demonstrating a commitment to responsible technology usage.


Following the recommendations of NTC, PLOs of this programme are set to achieve Engineering Technologist Graduate Attributes as defined in the Sydney Accord.

PLO 1: Engineering Technology Knowledge

PLO 2: Problem Analysis

PLO 3: Design/Development of Solutions

PLO 4: Investigation

PLO 5: Modern Tool Usage

PLO 6: The Engineering Technologist and Society

PLO 7: Environment and Sustainability

PLO 8: Ethics

PLO 9: Individual and Teamwork

PLO 10: Communication

PLO 11: Project Management

PLO 12: Lifelong Learning

The eligibility/admission criteria for admission in the BSc (Software Engineering Technology) programme are strictly as defined in NTC’s Accreditation Manual, Clause 

The primary requirements for eligibility/admission are:

  1. At least 50% marks in DAE/FSC (Pre-engineering) or other equivalent qualifications such as A-level/ICS/B.Sc. (sports and Hafiz-e-Quran marks are not included) and
  2. Entrance Test
  3. Weightage:
    1. 70% for academics (DAE/FSC etc.)
    2. 30% for Entrance Test
Programme Type

Semester system

Semester Duration

Semester system: 

  • 16 weeks of Teaching
  • 2 weeks for Exams
Programme Duration/Length
  • 8 Semesters 
  • Min: 4 Years 
  • Max: 7 Years
Weightage for the final examination
    • Attendance* 10%
    • Continuous assessments 40%
    • Final Examination 50%

(For Academic Year 2020-21) Associate Degree MT Program