BS Medical Technology
Following are the Clinical specialties of Medical Technology programmes:
- 1. Cardiac Perfusion
- 2. Cardiovascular Sciences
- 3. Clinical Laboratory Sciences
- 4. Dental Hygiene and Technology
- 5. Neurosciences
- 6. Nuclear Medicine
- 7. Operation Theater Sciences
- 8. Radiation Therapy
- 9. Radiological Imaging
- 10. Vision Sciences
Overview Of Specialized Fields In Medical Technology
1. CARDIAC PERFUSION
Cardiac perfusion is the study of extracorporeal medical procedures during open-heart surgeries and transplantation in order to support, regulate and temporally replace the patient's respiratory and circulatory system. The cardiac perfusionists are the core member of the open-heart surgery team. Their role is to prepare and operate heart-lung machine and other complex machinery during cardiovascular surgeries in highly stressed situation. To perform their task, perfusionistsare taught comprehensive courses to develop an in-depth knowledge of respiratory and circulatory system. Cardiac perfusionists use their expertise during cardiovascular surgeries in assisting surgeons and physicians and can also work as a teacher and researcher in research institutes. Placements of perfusionists are at hospitals and at times they are hired by individual surgeons. Moreover, Perfusionists are appointed by industries that manufacture supplies and equipment related to perfusion. Keeping in view the local and global needs, the College of Medical Technology initiated BS Medical Technology in Cardiac Perfusion - a well-balanced comprehensive program in which students are exposed to extensive learning and practice, clinical skills, academic activities and research studies. After the completion of the programme, students can utilize their skills in healthcare as Cardiac Perfusionist.
Ziauddinuniversity offers cardiac perfusionists to practice their skills at Ziauddin Hospital under the supervision of Laboratory heads, physicians and instructors during their undergraduate studies. The degree requires completion of hands-on clinical training, during which candidates must perform a certain number and variety of clinical perfusion procedures. This experiential learning is critical to the preparation of perfusionists who must be able to respond to a wide variety of situations that may occur in the operating room. The in-house training enables the trainee to apprehend the operation of machineries used during the surgeries. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
2. CARDIOVASCULAR SCIENCES
A cardiovascular science is a study of heart and its function,blood vessels in human beings, cardiac disorders and diseases associated with cardiovascular systems. The students are taught and trained in diagnostics, treatment and preventive techniques used in Cardiovascular Sciences and its application in clinical and healthcare settings.
Cardiovascular Professionals or Technologists work with cardiac physicians to assist in providing treatment, monitoring and diagnosing patients with Cardiac problems. They can also enrich students with knowledge through their teaching and producing researches. Furthermore, cardiovascular technologists pursue their career as in diagnostic and interventional cardiac catheterization labs in acute care hospitals, electrophysiology and echocardiography. Cardiovascular Technology is a challenging and growing profession. The BS MT in Cardiovascular sciences program trains students with advance didactic basic and specialized courses and clinical trainings mandatory to marvel at their major studies.
The study of cardiovascular Sciences centers on the working of heart, its diagnosis and treatment therefore the CVS technologists are placedatZiauddin hospital for their clinical practicum, where they utilize their knowledge of cardiovascular principles and functions in the operation of CVS equipments, such as ECG, exercise stress tests andCardiac Device Follow up, Ambulatory B.P. monitoring and ECG Event/Loop Monitoring. The in-house training enables the trainee to apprehend the operation of machineries used while performing any test. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
3. CLINICAL LABORATORY SCIENCES
Clinical Laboratory Science Professionals provides laboratory services required or the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. These Technologists or Scientists, by performing a number of tests, discover the diseases and lend a hand to the physicians to give quick treatment to the patients. Such Critical procedures require strong analytical skills and the ability to work under pressure.
The Programme and courses offered at Clinical Laboratory Sciences put great emphasis on students acquiring these skills by a combination of didactic sessions, group discussion, supervised training, competency assessments and clinical practicum in order to make student adroit at performing tests, analyses and interpretations.
Clinical Laboratory Scientists can set off their careers in medical and healthcare profession. Placements are also offered at scientific equipment companies, chemical and pharmaceutical companies.They can also contribute in educational sector as a faculty member or as a researcher.
The in-house training of CLS technologists encompasses observation and analysis of both manual and automated testing which involves immunoassays, Electrophoresis, Blood and urine culture, Blood Grouping and Cross matching, manual and automated cell counting.The in-house training enables the trainee to master the operation of tools and equipment used while performing any test. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
4. DENTAL HYGIENE AND TECHNOLOGY
Dental Hygiene and technology is a multimodal course in the field of dental laboratory where dental hygiene is complemented with dental technology. It is the study of dental diseases, preventive therapy and patient's counseling. The course is coupled with technical sides of dentistry wheretechnologist makes prosthesis, orthodontic and maxillofacial appliances. Dental technologists work in dental laboratories and create fabricated dental materials, using their artistic skills in fabricating the form and color of an individual’s teeth. Besides dental laboratory, technologists are also welcome in academics to hold a faculty position.
The College of Medical Technology started this programme in the year 2017 with a comprehensive course plan and in-house training of the technologists preparing them to meet the challenges of the developments in the field.
The teaching and learning scheme at Ziauddin University provides its learner in-house training where they can acquire the skills necessary for Dental technologists. Among these skills are community disease prevention, tooth morphology, dental materials, and oral pathology. During clinical sessions, students will havehands-on technical experience on how to perform root planting, apply fluoride therapy, and develop x-rays at Ziauddin hospital under the supervision of dental physician and senior technologist.These trainings start after every semester examination at Dental Department of Ziauddin University Clifton and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary study of brain system including brain, spinal cord and nerve cells throughout the body. It examines the complex interaction of multiple neuronal systems that underlie the emergence and rich diversity of cognitive functions, the regulations and expressions of all form of human behavior.
Neuroscientists can research on the behavior of nervous system. They can also work in operating EEG and EMG in clinics or hospital to evaluate and monitor patients. Further, they can work as a faculty member in the field of education. In BS MT Neurosciences programme, students are educated and trained in neurosciences techniques like EEG, EMG, evoked potentials etc. During their Bachelors studies students are exposed to analyzing and the diagnosis of nervous system diseases in human beings in addition to extensive courses and practices in Neurosciences.
Ziauddin university facilitates its Neurosciences technologists by providing in-house training in the areas of neuroscience intensive care, neuromedicine and neurosurgery , EEG and EMG, where students exercise their trainings. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
6. NUCLEAR MEDICINE
Nuclear Medicine is study of nuclear properties of stabile Nuclides that enables the technologist to diagnose, to determine the complexity of a disease and to suggest treatment to a variety of diseases. The technologists primarily work on the isotopes present in human body.
Graduates of Nuclear Medicine are called Nuclear Medicine Technologists who studies basic science subjects required for patient education and electives including radioisotopes and radiological imaging, and to work directly with patients during imaging procedures.
Nuclear Medicine Technologists work in hospital and laboratories in the diagnosis of various diseases such as cancers, heart diseases, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the body. Furthermore, they perform bone scanning, PET and Nuclear cardiac stress tests. They can also contribute in the field of teaching and research
The curriculum of BS NS includes supervised educations which offers a sufficient and well-balanced variety of nuclear medicine procedures, examinations and equipment. Various rotations include supervised clinical education such as general nuclear medicine imaging, cardiology imaging, SPECT/CT, PET/CT, radiation-sensitive cameras, and dosage meters, radio pharmacy and radiation safety. These trainings are provided at Ziauddin hospitals aiming to strengthen students' theoretical and practical understanding of neuromedicine sciences. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
7. OPERATION THEATRE SCIENCES
With the emergent and advancement of technology, various electronic equipment, instruments and analyzers are used in surgeries. Operate theatre technologists are responsible for the administration of the staff, patient care, management of instruments and operation procedures. Indeed, Surgeries cannot be performed without OT technologists as they are the chief members of surgery team.
The BS MT in operation theatre sciences aimed to facilitate learning by teaching students the essentials of this field over and above practical skills and tasks based on existent operation theatre performances. Graduates are placed at various hospitals and also hired by individual surgeons to assist them in surgeries
BS in Operation theatre technology includes practical clinical experience and Ziauddin University places its students at surgery rooms to master their skills. The training includes pre-operative care, intra-operative care, post-operative care, equipment maintenance and sterilization. Moreover, training of Operating suction machines, lights and diagnostic equipment is also provided. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
8. RADIOLOGICAL IMAGING
Radiological imaging is the study of techniques and procedure of medical images used for diagnosis of various diseases. Radiologic technologists are specialized at the use of medical imaging such as X-Rays, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Computed tomography (CT) scans, ultrasound, sonography and fluoroscopy. They have an acute understanding of anatomy, positioning, radiation protection and radiographic exposure.
Radiologic technologists are responsible for producing quality diagnostic image. They act as an expert to the physician by providing them proper examination of the disease, interpreting the resulting medical images. The doors of radiological technologists are opened at various technical departments in hospitals followed by physicians, medical laboratories outpatient imaging centers.
Radiological imaging is the demanding profession therefore; the college of Medical Technology has designed the program with intensive coursework along with the technical handling been practiced throughout the 04 year studies.
The programme offers training to the students at Ziauddin hospital under the guidance of supervisors and experienced technologists who coach students to perform X-rays, MRI, CT scans, mammography, Fluoroscopy, Ultrasound, sonography and fluoroscopy. These training help students to become expert at their relevant fields before entering into professional life.These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
9. RADIATION THERAPY
The Radiation Therapist is an allied health professional who works in the field of radiation oncology with radiation oncologists to administer the regular radiation treatment prescribed by the physician under their supervision and operatecomplex radiation therapy equipment for the diagnosis and treatment of various oncologic diseases.
The scope of practices of radiation therapist includes delivering radiation therapy to the patients of cancer, operates and examines linear accelerators that treat patients with radiation.
In BS MT Radiation therapy, students are taught the fundamentals of human anatomy, physiology, pathology, radiobiology, radiation safety and techniques, radiation oncology in addition to management electives to enable student to become competent and skilled radiation therapist.
The BS RT programme offered at Ziauddin university give students practical skills by providing in-house training after every semester to build a strong foundation of the course. During their clinical practicum, students are taught to assist oncology patients by delivering chemotherapy to them. Moreover, the training also involves the working on radiation equipments and producing a diagnosis. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme.
10. VISION SCIENCE
Ziauddin University, College of Medical Technology introduces vision sciences recognizing the dire need of optometrytechnologist. They work on the optical instrument to produce accurate diagnosis and interpretation of diseases related to eyes.
The BS MT Vision Sciences program is designed with extensive teaching of procedures and principles and its applications on optometry devices, equipment and machineries. Optometry technologists are appointed in hospitals under the supervision of eye surgeons or employed in healthcare stores.
The students of Ziauddin UniversityCoMT-VS,receive training during their degree programme in the laboratory techniques of measuring and grinding eyeglasses to prescription and in fitting and final adaptation of eyewear. They are also provided training in the fitting and adapting of ophthalmic lenses, contact lenses, and devices that aid in providing comfortable and effective vision. These trainings start after every semester examination and the cycles continues till the final year of the undergraduate programme at Dr Ziauddin Hospital KDLB Keamari.
Teaching And Learning Strategies
ZiauddinUniversity, College of Medical Technology promotes culturally inclusive, impelling and constructive learning environment giving specific consideration to student's own psychological and sensory status and recognizing, nurturing and developing one's strength to foster the learning process and positive interaction among the peers, groups and stimulates independence to meet the challenges of the real world. Subsequently, explicit and structured teaching is practiced and supported by audio and visual materials installed in each classroom. Contemporary practices such as blended learning, flipped classroom, and facilitation are provided meeting the course requirement of the programme. The brightest feature of college of medical technology is that Academic block and are under the same roof which reinforces learning by implementing teaching examples in real time cases. Finally, at the end of each semester, students are posted in Clinical Laboratories Ziauddin Hospital to implement their knowledge and upgrade their skills.
Ziauddin University, Collegeof Medical Technology offers a number of facilities to its students. The university has a well-equipped library with internet availability which provides access to e-books, e-journals and articles. The library covers a wide range of books and offers study space to its students. Moreover, the university offers appointment to the needy students to discuss learning strategies, hurdles that students encounter engage in learning at times set hours to students who need special assistance regarding the course or practical.
Students are provided first aid treatment and general medication if needed. Furthermore, students have an access to make appointment or can access them with the doctors.
In addition to this, the classrooms in the university is well-furnished, with air-conditions working during study hours that help students to endure the harsh climatic conditions of the city. There is a seminar room that can accommodate more than 150 students available primarily to organize workshops and seminars.
Skills laboratories are equipped with hi-tech machinery and instruments ensuring that the students have acquired necessary techniques before practicing on real patients.
Assessment Policies And Procedure
Enrolled candidates are assessed and examined for theory and skills with periodic examinations. Continuous assessment is practiced incorporating multiple summative and formative assessments to measure the extent to which students have achieved the desire outcome. It includes mid-terms, projects, portfolios, clinical practicum and competencies.
WEIGTAGE FOR THE FINAL EXAMINATION
- Attendance* 10%
- Continuous assessments 40%
- Final Examination 50%
Attendance in classes is mandatory
0.75% marks per 10% attendance until 80%,I:e., for every 10%attendace, 0.75% marks will be awarded in that course up till 80% attendance . for example :
- For 80% attendance , 6 marks will be awarded
- * for 80% attendance, 2% marks per 10% attendance will be awarded in that course. For example
- For 90% attendance: 8 marks
- For 100% attendance: 10 marks
Medical Laboratory scientists have a huge demand both nationally and internationally. A survey recently conducted suggests that the demand of medical technologists is projected to grow 21% from 2014-2024 much faster than the average of all the occupations due to the greater need of diagnosis and of medical conditions through medical procedures.
Clinical Laboratory scientists may apply for:
- hospitals and clinical Laboratory positions
- national and multinational diagnostic companies
- Pharmaceutical firms
- Management positions
- Academic Positions
- Public Health Agencies